Southern California Adoption

 

Adoption is the legal process of establishing a legal parent-child relationship when the adopting parent is not the child’s biological or birth parent. That means that once the adoption is final, the adoptive parents have all the legal rights and responsibilities of a parent-child relationship. That new parent-child relationship is permanent and is exactly the same as that of a birth family. An adoptive parent can be a stepparent or domestic partner of one of the birth parents, a relative of the child who has been caring for the child, or someone not related to the child by blood.

Types of Adoptions

Stepparent/domestic partner adoption:

  • The spouse or domestic partner of the child’s parent adopts that child.
  • The couple must be legally married or registered as domestic partners.
  • It is the most common type of adoption.
  • It is a little simpler than other types because 1 of the child’s birth parents still remains the child’s parent.

An independent, agency, or international adoption:

  • Independent adoption is when no adoption agency or the Department of Social Services is part of the adoption case.
  • Agency adoption is when the California Department of Social Services or a licensed adoption agency is part of the adoption case.
  • International adoption is when the child to be adopted was born in another country.
  • In all these three types, the court ends the parental rights of the child’s two birth parents, and the adoptive parents become the children’s legal parents.